Specialized Information for:

Nursing HomesAssisted Living/Board & Care Home and Community Based Services

Personal Needs Allowance

The Personal Needs Allowance is the monthly sum of money that residents who receive Medicaid may retain from their personal income. Any income above the allowance is applied toward the cost of their care. This allowance is intended for residents to spend at their discretion on items such as telephone expenses, cigarettes, a meal out with friends, cards to send to family, reading materials, or hobbies. Federal regulations prohibit long-term care facilities from charging residents’ PNA for services that are included in Medicaid payments such as toothpaste, tissues, shampoo, and incontinence products,
among others.


Nursing Home Personal Needs Allowance (PNA) by Year  (2010)

Personal Needs Allowances for Residents of Long-Term Care Facilities: A State by State Analysis  (March 2009) National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center Brief

Return to top